Wednesday, September 15, 2021 11:41PM EST
A form of UHD with a minimum screen width of 4,000 pixels.
Automatic document feeder.
Accelerated Graphics Port. A deprecated bus standard for dedicated GPUs.
All-in-one. A desktop computer with a self-contained screen.
Accelerated processing unit. A CPU engineered with a GPU in a single chip.
The speed at which data can be transmitted over a connection or network. Measured in bits-per-second.
Basic Input/Output System. The firmware of a mainboard responsible for initializing system components.
To initialize a computer; start.
The sequential names of pages within a website, often displayed as hyperlinks, indicating to a user the current path of a website hierarchy they are located.
Pixels. A lit pixel that fails to turn off.
An application that facilitates access to websites.
Informal. Blue Screen of Death. A screen presented to users during a complete failure of an operating system to maintain function; a stop error.
An error in the coding of a computer program that causes it to act in an undesirable way; glitch.
A repository that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed.
The circuits or receptacles of a motherboard that connect expansive devices to a computer.
A removeable, expansive component for a computer, connected via a bus.
Websites and Internet resources readily accessible over public network.
Any computer or program that requests correspondence from a server.
A feature of operating systems that holds data cut or copied by a user.
The frequency at which a processor operates. Measured in hertz.
A form of storage where data is saved remotely, but accessible as if local.
A small packet of data stored on a browser or computer by a web server for referential purposes. Popular uses include tracking visits, shopping cart contents, and time spent visiting a website.
To copy selected data into the clipboard.
A single microprocessor unit of a CPU.
The unintended restructuring of data that renders it partially or completely unreadable by a computer; damage.
a. Central processing unit. The component of a computer that interprets programmed instruction and outputs result.
b. Informal. Any computer.
To defeat the security of a commercial software to allow or retain unauthorized installation and use.
The unexpected closing of an application or operating system due to an unresolvable error.
Cascading Style Sheets. A styling format and script for websites.
The often small, on-screen visual indicator of the location of a mouse by the user.
To relocate entirely selected data into the clipboard.
A process or service that operates in the background.
Websites and Internet resources requiring specific software or applications to access, esp. those providing anonymity.
Pixels. A pixel that fails to light when powered.
Distributed denial-of-service. A denial-of-service attack that is perpetrated from multiple computers.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
Double data rate.
a. The process of locating and correcting bugs.
b. An interface that facilitates debugging.
GPUs. Separate and removeable; not integrated; discrete.
A course of action or setting that a computer or application assumes if not overrode by a user.
A practice or technology that has been effectively replaced and whose future use is discouraged.
a. The primary, usually initial screen of an operating system, where common application icons and features may be accessed.
b. A computer housed in a separate case that is connected to a monitor and input devices.
c. An all-in-one.
Memory. Dual in-line memory module. A component standard.
GPUs. Separate and removeable; not integrated; dedicated.
Denial-of-service. A form of cyberattack accomplished by overloading a target system with illegitimate traffic or requests in an attempt to disrupt operation or access.
To maliciously publish identifying information about a person, such as their name, home address, telephone number, place of work, etc.
DisplayPort. A digital audio/video standard.
To move the cursor while holding down the selection button of an input device.
Software that controls or fully enables a component of a computer.
a. To request that a software export as a file a record of all data and actions taken during process.
b. The file exported.
Digital Visual Interface. An analog video standard.
Memory. Error-correcting code.
External SATA. A form of SATA for connecting external devices to a computer.
Trademark. A communications protocol.
End-user license agreement.
An unresolvable error in an application that often causes it to close.
To request to start an application; run.
Extended File Allocation Table. A file system for storage devices.
File Allocation Table. A file system for storage devices.
Floppy disk drive.
Full high-definition; Full HD. A screen resolution of 1080p.
Software or hardware that regulates network access to and from a computer or resource.
a. Flash memory. A digital storage medium consisting of chips on a PCB.
b. To upgrade a BIOS or firmware.
Fork bomb. A malicious, self-replicating process designed to consume as much of a systems resources as possible to disrupt operation or access.
The speed at which a display can process and draw frames to a screen.
File transfer protocol.
Gigabyte. 1,024 megabytes.
Graphics Interchange Format. An animatable, image file format.
An error in the coding of a computer program that causes it to act in an undesirable way; bug.
Graphics processing unit. A processor, separate from the CPU, that reads and executes visual data to a monitor or screen.
Graphical user interface.
To defeat the security of a system in order to gain access to information contained on the system, a resource, control of the system, or a combination of the three.
To fail to respond to input; freeze.
The often finned, aluminum unit affixed to processors in order to draw heat away from them.
a. High-definition. A screen resolution of at least 720p.
b. Hard drive.
Hard disk drive. A mechanical storage device consisting of magnetic disks that data is read from and written to.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface. A proprietary digital audio/video standard.
Human interface device.
Hyper Text Markup Language. A programming language for websites.
A small pictorial image used in a GUI to represent an application.
HDDs. Integrated Drive Electronics. Parallel ATA; PATA. A deprecated hard drive standard.
A virtual copy of a hard drive or optical disk.
Internet Message Access Protocol. An email protocol that downloads and syncs copies of emails across accessing devices.
A component built-in to a system that cannot be removed.
Internet of things.
Internet Protocol. A protocol for devices connected to a network, usu. the Internet, that assigns participating devices addresses.
In-plane switching. A technology of LCD displays that attempts to remedy color reproduction when viewed from angles.
a. International Organization for Standardization.
b. An optical disc image file format.
Internet service provider.
Joint Photographic Experts Group. An image file format.
Local area network.
Liquid crystal display. A format of display for computer monitors, televisions, etc. that uses liquid crystals, polarizers, and some form of backlighting to produce visual data on a screen.
a. Light-emitting diode.
b. An LCD monitor backlit with LEDs.
Outdated and often unsupported software or hardware still widely in use.
Accessible on one’s immediate system or network; not remote.
HDDs. A partition capable of operating independently from both the primary partition, and other logical drives.
The state of data becoming permanently unrecoverable, either because unsaved access to the data has ended, or because of a fault with the system.
A flash hardware component standard.
The primary hard drive of a computer in relation to other drives present.
Megabyte. 1,024 kilobytes.
The physical or virtual component of a computer that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed; random-access memory; RAM.
Multimedia Messaging Service. An extension of SMS (Short Message Service) that includes the sending of items such as picture, video, and audio.
The primary, circuited board of a computer, that houses all essential components like the processor and memory, and whereupon additional components are connected.
Mini-SATA. A digital computer bus standard for drives.
Network attached storage. A form of hard drive storage with its own built-in firmware or operating system that is connected to a network and accessed with a computer.
The ability of software or hardware to perform a task on its own, without being reliant on a secondary or external source to do so.
Non-fungible token. A unique, specialty file (usu. a graphic) checked against a blockchain to prevent copying, often sold and collected.
Network interface controller. The component of a computer that enables access to a network.
The chip of a motherboard that directly manages communication between the processor, memory, and discrete GPUs.
New Technology File System. A file system for storage devices.
Non-volatile memory express. A standard of flash memory.
Optical character recognition. A feature of some scanners that allows printed type to be converted into an editable text format.
Optical disk drive.
Original equipment manufacturer. The manufacturer of a computer or component that is usually then private labeled.
Organic light-emitting diode.
To modify the oscillator of a component to operate it at a frequency higher than originally manufactured.
A small segment of data sent over a network being pinged.
Personal area network; Bluetooth.
A user-allocated division of hard drive storage.
To output data from the clipboard.
Parallel AT Attachment; ATA; IDE. A deprecated analog standard for drives.
An update or segment of data for an application to resolve bugs, security vulnerabilities, exploits, or the like.
The sequence of folders within an operating system hierarchy where a file exists.
Printed circuit board.
Peripheral Component Interconnect. A computer bus standard.
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express.
Portable Document Format. A document file format.
To attempt to extract usu. financial information from a person by sending impersonating communications like emails to them.
To test the connectivity and speed of a network resource by transmitting a packet of data to it that then reports back to the sender.
Portable Network Graphics. An image file format. Supports transparency.
Plug and play. The ability of a component or accessory connected to a computer to operate with little or no setup from the user.
Post Office Protocol. An email protocol that downloads emails off a mail server to an accessing device.
a. A receptacle for a connector.
b. A point of access over a network that a computer or resource may be established.
The ability of an application to execute without being installed first.
Power-on self-test. The process performed by the firmware of a system to determine component functionality before fully booting.
A communications standard, established by a governing body, that regulates data exchanged between computers over a network.
A deprecated, non-PnP input device standard for mice and keyboards.
Power supply unit.
A computer or server over a network that acts as an intermediate between computers accessing the network; node.
Quad high-definition. A screen resolution of at least 1440p
Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A series of software or hardware-controlled configurations for computers using multiple hard drives to increase performance, weather data loss from failure, or both.
a. Random-access memory.
b. Loosely. Storage
A malicious software that denies access to a system or threatens to erase personal data unless users pay for its release.
To access and process data.
The ability of a website to adjust the layout of its content to accommodate multiple screen resolutions and dimensions.
Read-only memory. Data embedded in physical memory that cannot be altered or written to.
The lowest point in a file hierarchy.
A networking device with its own IP address that establishes connections between computers or to the Internet.
To execute an application.
Serial AT Attachment. A digital computer bus standard for drives. Succeeded PATA.
To convert data from memory into a separate and readable format or file.
a. Standard definition. Any native screen resolution lower than that of high definition.
b. Secure Digital. A proprietary memory card standard.
A computer (usu. configured with a server operating system) designed to make access to networked files or resources accessible to computers that request them.
Small form factor.
An adjunct hard drive in relation to another, primary hard drive of a computer.
A low power state of a device that can resume normal, immediate operation at request; standby.
The quality of a device, usu. with an ability to connect to the Internet, that has features and computational abilities like a computer.
Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology. A firmware system of hard disks that monitors elements like performance, esp. for predicting failures.
Short Message Service. The texting component of cellular telephony.
a. Consisting of flash memory; nonmechanical.
b. A solid-state drive; SSD.
Small outline dual in-line memory module.
Serial presence detect. A system for detecting and reporting details about memory modules.
Solid-state hard drive.
Secure Sockets Layer. A now deprecated communications protocol for encrypting data transmitted over the Internet. Succeeded by TLS.
Able to install a software without the need to download files first.
The shape, design, and speed of a connector, accessory, or component established by a governing body or company, universally employed by manufacturers.
Process or system underperformance due to a lack of resources.
To broadcast music, television, or films over a network (usu. the Internet) in real-time.
Subnetwork. A network created within a primary network.
Terabyte. 1,024 gigabytes.
Thermal design power. A measurement of the heat generated by a chip or component that a given cooling system is designed to dispel.
Transport Layer Security. A communications protocol for encrypting data transmitted over networks. Succeeded SSL.
Twisted nematic. A discontinued technology of LCD displays that attempts to remedy color reproduction when viewed from angles.
Trojan horse. A form of malware that presents itself in an innocuous, sometimes useable fashion.
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface. The firmware of modern systems responsible for initializing and configuring some system components. Succeeded BIOS.
Ultra high-definition; Ultra HD.
Uninterruptible power supply; battery backup.
Uniform Resource Locator; website address.
Universal Serial Bus. A connection standard for computer accessories and other devices.
Video Graphics Array. An analog video standard, consisting of a 15-pin connector for use in monitors and televisions.
Voice over IP. Telephony, fax, voicemail, and SMS services that occur over the Internet instead of a telephone network.
Data in memory or storage that is lost once a given device is powered off.
Virtual private network. A method of concealing the identity and location of a user over a network by routing one's connection through a proxy before access to a resource is established.
Video random-access memory.
Write amplification. The deteriorating of flash memory and solid-state drives as a result of repeated and progressively larger consumptions of data.
Wide area network.
a.Trademark. A certification that a device is compatible with some form of wireless protocol.
b. Any wireless Internet connection.
An interface that facilitates the installation of software onto a computer.
Wireless local area network.
A malicious, self-replicating file or application designed to consume as much storage as possible.
Wireless protected setup. A method for connecting devices to a wireless network either by transmitting a signal (usu. with a button) or inputting a code on the accessing device.
To transfer readable data from one source to another.
What You See Is What You Get. A system that generates results of formatted data identically to how it appears input by the user.
A method of compressing files to reduce the amount of storage they consume.
A compromised system under control of another, usu. to perpetrate DDoS attacks.